Cite Them Right notes – Harvard Referencing

Students’ own work

  • Students own work
  • Year of submission (in round brackets)
  • Title of essay/assignment (in single quotation marks)
  • Module code: module title (in italics)
  • Institution
  • Unpublished essay/assignment

Films on DVD/Blu-Ray

  • Title of film (in italics)
  • Year of distribution (in round brackets)
  • Directed by
  • [DVD] or [Blu-Ray]
  • Reissued
  • Place of distribution: distributor company
  • Year of reissue

Tracks on CD or vinyl album

  • Artist
  • Year of distribution (in round brackets)
  • Title of track (in single quotation marks)
  • Title of album (in italics)
  • [CD] or [vinyl]
  • Place of distribution: distribution company


  • Author/Presenter
  • Year that the site was published/last updated (in round brackets)
  • Title of podcast (in italics)
  • [Podcast]
  • Day/Month of posted message
  • Available at: URL
  • (Accessed date)

Lectures/seminars/webinars/PowerPoint presentations/videoconferences

  • Author/speaker
  • Year (in round brackets)
  • Title of communication (in italics)
  • Medium (in square brackets)
  • Module code: module title (in italics) (if known)
  • Institution
  • Day/Month

Printed books

  • Author/Editor
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title (in italics)
  • Place of publication: publisher
  • Series and volume number (where relevant)

Episodes of a television series

  • Title of episode (in single quotation marks)
  • Year of broadcast (in round brackets)
  • Title of programme (in italics)
  • Series and episode numbers
  • Name of the channel
  • Broadcast date (day/month)

Magazine article

  • Author (surname followed by initials)
  • Year of Publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of article (in single quotation mark
  • Title of magazine (in italics – capitalise first letter of each word in title, except for linking words such as and, of, the, for)
  • Issue information, that is, volume (unbracketed) and, where applicable part number, month or season (in all in round brackets)
  • Page reference (if available)
  • Available at: URL (If required) (Assessed date) or doi (if available)


  • Author
  • Year of submission (in round brackets)
  • Title of Thesis (in italics)
  • Degree statement
  • Degree-awarding body
  • Or if viewed online
  • Available at: URL
  • (Accessed date)

Reference list:

Pears, R. and Sheilds, G. (2016) Cite Them Right: The Essential Referencing Guide. London: Palgrave publishing. Tenth edition.



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